Class Notes .doc - Key Terms Facts of Life 1 \u201cShock of the past\u201d things that people displayed in the past that we don\u2019t necessarily get what is it

Class Notes .doc - Key Terms Facts of Life 1 u201cShock of...

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Key Terms: Facts of Life, 1 “Shock of the past” - things that people displayed in the past that we don’t necessarily get; what is it like to live in the past? they would display and be proud of things we don’t necessarily would be proud of or display these days; the past is a foreign country. - Cabinet of curiosities evolved into museums - Contained objects considered marvelous expressions of human genius; objects in this cabinet were considered precious and tremendous artistry Hartmann Schedel / Nuremberg Chronicle - Representation of the Creation of Heaven and Earth as represented in the book of Genesis (1 st day of creation) - It starts history, before this event, there is no history - Appears in the Nuremberg Chronicles (1493) (when talking about the drawing of a circle and the hand of God) - In 1493, the printing press was less than 50 years old - Expensive book produced in German and Latin - Latin- language of the intellectual life, universal language of intellectual endeavor - Summarizes universal history Genesis / Old Testament - Ancient material, meant to be a universal history - It begins with Genesis; vast majority of people were Christians “Christian history” / “providential history” - Christianity was the major religion back then - Providential history: nothing happens by accident, everything happens because God wants it to happen and intends it - Teleological history: things are heading towards an end, there is a purpose, they are not meaningless. Religion from a cultural perspective / coherent, comprehensive belief system - church as an institution; not just a spiritual organization but a very powerful, temporal organization - the importance of religion was present in society Albrecht Dűrer
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- Famous printer and artists who specialized in woodcut and engraving “The Fall” - Next important point in history: the all and expulsion from the Garden of Eden; everything we do is our way towards redemption Key Terms: Buildings as Books Scrovegni/Arena Chapel (Padua, Italy) Frescoes - Christian history in the walls - Incarnation: means of redemption - They tell stories of Jesus’ life Giotto di Bondone (1267-1337) The Nativity Raising of Lazarus Crucifixion Resurrection The Last Judgment - The las judgement is the end of the world, end of history (telos) - The devil was a reality in eastern Europe; evil was objective Cathedral of Saint Cecilia (Albi, France) – (1282-1480) - Largest brick structure in the world; part of city walls; gothic architecture Christian saints / cult of the saints - Many saints are martyrs who lived in early Christian history - The saints connected heaven and earth; the body of a saint is considered precious and the body was cut in parts and turned into relics that were considered to have powers and therefore be a site for pilgrimage Saint Cecilia / early martyrs of the church - saints become intermediaries; makes religion more human; Mary is the most important saint - saint Cecilia: early martyr of the Catholic Church
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relics / reliquary - Relics are priceless Pilgrimage - Metaphor for all human life Gothic architecture / stained glass / sculpture
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