Study guide 12.docx - Study guide 12 Rationality the idea...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

Study guide 12 Rationality: the idea in public-policy making that we have clearly identified goals and that we seek to achieve these goals in an optimal or efficient manner. P402 bounded rationality: the idea in policy making that decision makers may seek satisfactory solutions to problems that are not necessarily optimal or efficient. P404 Gilmer-Aikin laws: education reform legislation passed in 1949 that supplemented local funding of education with public monies, raised teachers' salaries, mandated a minimum length for the school year, and provided for more state supervision of public education. P406 equal protection clause: provision in the 14th amendment of the us constitution guaranteeing citizens the "equal protection of the laws"; this clause has been the basis for the civil rights of African Americans, women, and other groups. P408 new deal: president franklin Delano Roosevelt's 1930s programs to stimulate the national economy and provide relief to victims of the great depression. P418 aid to families with dependent children: a federally and state-financed program for children living with parents or relatives who fell below state standards of need; replaced in 1996 by TANF. P418 Medicaid: a federal and state program financing medical services to low-income people. P418 supplemental security income: a national welfare program passed in 1972 that provides assistance to low-income elderly or disabled individuals; replaced the federal-state programs that had offered assistance to the blind, the permanently and totally disabled, and the aged. P419 temporary assistance for needy families: a welfare program passed in 1996 to provide temporary assistance to families with needy children; replacing the AFDC program, TANF sought to make poor families self-sufficient and to give states greater flexibility in setting benefit levels, eligibility requirements, and other program details. p 421 Describe the state’s role in addressing poverty and how it is affected by national policies Texas has large numbers of people living in poverty who have received governmental assistance since the New Deal when the Social Security Act of 1935 was passed. Texas's most important welfare program was AFDC. President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty expanded social welfare programs for the poor in the 1960s. But compared to other states, welfare benefits
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

remained low in Texas. Concerns over the problem of welfare dependency led to major reforms at the national level in 1996 when AFDC was replaced with TANF. Since these reforms, welfare rolls have declined, although poverty has remained a chronic problem among a significant portion of the Texas population.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern