Study guide 13.docx - Study guide 13 Felony a serious...

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Study guide 13 Felony: a serious criminal offense, punishable by a prison sentence or a fine. A capital felony is punishable by death or a life sentence, page 447 Misdemeanor: a minor criminal offense usually punishable by a small fine or short jail sentence, page 447 Probation: punishment where an offender is not imprisoned but remains in the community under specified rules and under the supervision of a probation officer, page 447 Parole: the conditional release of an offender who has served some prison time, under specified rules and under the supervision of a parole officer, page 448 Three strikes provision: a law that allows persons convicted of three felonies (or in some cases two felonies) to be sentenced to life imprisonment, page 449 Bail: payment of money to the state as an assurance that an accused person who is released from jail pending trial will appear for trial; if the accused does not appear, the bail is forfeited, page 450 Grand jury: jury that determines whether sufficient evidence is available to justify a trial; grand juries do not rule on the accused's guilt or innocence, page 450 County attorney: an elected official in some counties who prosecutes misdemeanor cases, page 452 District attorney: public official who prosecutes the more serious criminal cases in the district court, page 452 Plea bargain: a negotiated agreement in a criminal case in which a defendant agrees to plead guilty in return for the state's agreement to reduce the severity of the criminal charge or prison sentence the defendant is facing, page 453 Assigned  counsel:  private lawyers appointed by judges  to provide legal representation for indigent defendants in serious criminal cases. The lawyer's fee is determined by and paid by the county, page 454 Public defender: salaried lawyer who is funded by the government or by grants who represents indigents in Texas in some counties or for some types of cases, page 454
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Consider recent proposals to improve Texas’s criminal justice system.
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