The Achievement Gap: Past, Present & FutureAuthor(s): Richard E. NisbettSource: Daedalus,Vol. 140, No. 2, Race, Inequality & Culture, volume 2 (Spring 2011), pp.90-100Published by: The MIT Press on behalf of American Academy of Arts & SciencesStable URL: Accessed: 18-03-2019 02:33 UTCREFERENCES Linked references are available on JSTOR for this article: You may need to log in to JSTOR to access the linked references.JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a widerange of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity andfacilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact [email protected]Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available atAmerican Academy of Arts & Sciences, The MIT Pressare collaborating with JSTOR todigitize, preserve and extend access to DaedalusThis content downloaded from 18.104.22.168 on Mon, 18 Mar 2019 02:33:11 UTCAll use subject to
The Achievement Gap:Past, Present & FutureRichard E. NisbettRICHARD E. NISBETT, a Fellowof the American Academy since1992, is the Theodore M. Newcomb Distinguished UniversityProfessor at the University ofMichigan. His publications include Intelligence and How to GetIt: Why Schools and Cultures Count(2009), The Geography of Thought.How Asians and Westerners ThinkDifferently - and Why (2003), andCulture of Honor: The Psychologyof Violence in the South (with DovCohen, 1996).Ten years ago, Congress passed the No ChildLeft Behind Act, which legislated that race andclass gaps in academic achievement be eliminatedby 2014.1 am unsure whether the act was passedwith the cynical knowledge that no such massivechange could be accomplished so quickly or inthe naive belief that sheer will and a little moneycould suffice to achieve it. In any case, it is clearthat we will not make the deadline. Will we ever?The class and ethnic gaps are revealed by alltypes of testing, including for both academicskills and IQ, and the barriers in the way of reducing the gaps are large. Moreover, it is doubtful that the social-class gap can ever be broughtto zero, if for no other reason than that peoplewith more money will always see to it that theirchildren get more and better education than people with less money. There is however plenty ofevidence (which I review below) indicating thatmuch can be done to reduce the social-class gap.How about race and ethnic gaps ? There is notmuch evidence about the possibility of closingthe gap between Hispanics and whites, but thereis plenty of evidence relevant to the possibility ofclosing the gap between blacks and whites. Thatis the gap I focus on in this essay.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 12 pages?
- Winter '18
- Intelligence quotient, American Academy of Arts & Sciences