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Adderall paper - Angle 1 Angle Patrick Mrs Calton English...

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Angle 1 Angle, Patrick Mrs. Calton English 101 December 7, 2007 Illicit Use and Abuse of “Study Drugs” Among College Students Over the past few years, America has been changing the way its students study dramatically, from chalkboards to typewriters, from typewriters to computers. Now since we are resting at the computer age, it is in the average human teenager’s genetics to try and explore new ideas or inventions. This is how we end up with “study drugs”, a drug used to help one concentrate and stay focused. There are two main types of these study drugs which are widely misused by college students today. The first is Methylphenidate, which in common terms is Ritalin, and an amphetamine-dextroamphetamine combination drug called Adderall. There have been various surveys conducted to try and examine just how exploited these drugs actually are. The first article is titled “Illicit use of Specific prescription Stimulants Among College Students: Prevalence, Motives, and Routes of Administration”, written by Christian J. Teter, Pharm.D., Sean Esteban McCabe, Ph.D., Kristy LaGrange, Pharm.D., James A. Cranford, PhD, and Carol J. Boyd, Ph.D.. In this article, a survey was distributed to 4580 college students via the web, asking students which prescription stimulants they had ever illicitly used, and the motives involved. The second and third articles followed in the same suit, with “Patterns and Knowledge of Nonmedical Use of Stimulants Among College Students”, written by Bronwen C.
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Angle 2 Carroll, MD; Thomas J. McLaughlin, ScD; and Diance R. Blake, MD, and “Non-medical use of prescription stimulants among US college students: prevalence and correlates from a national survey”, written by Sean Esteban McCabe, John R. Knight, Christian J. Teter, and Henry Wechsler. The “Patterns” article examined a private liberal arts college in New England with 347 undergraduate students, and the “Non-Medical” article focused on roughly 10,904 random college students. The last article, “Misuse of ‘study drugs:’ prevalence, consequences, and implications for policy”, written by Steve Sussman, Mary Ann Pentz, Donna Spruijt-Metz, and Toby Miller, focused on describing the problem at hand and looking at the steps needed for controlling it. The Illicit use of “study drugs” is rapidly increasing among college students as the ease of acquiring and using them is still left unchallenged. Ritalin, AKA kiddy coke, Skippy, Poor Man’s Cocaine, or Vitamin R, was first introduced in 1944 as a non-addictive stimulant, and was suggested in 1963 to regulate children’s behavior, known as hyperkinesis. It was later labeled the common term ADHD, or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. By 1970, there were over thirty different kinds of these stimulants, including the newest widely misused drug Adderall (Sussman et al). Adderall was first introduced as a diet pill, since it includes an appetite suppressant. These “reward” drugs “, mainly Adderall and Ritalin, increase or augment
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