ISB 211 Test 1 Study Guide

ISB 211 Test 1 Study Guide - ISB: 201 Exam 1 Study guide...

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ISB: 201 Exam 1 Study guide Lecture 1: What is Science? Chinese Proverb: “When the student is ready, the teacher will come” The number of scientific publications double every 4.2 years. There are over 100 Nuclear power plants in the US Science can be used for both good and bad, it has no morals. It depends on human thought. Induction : Facts acquired through observations Number of observations forming the new idea must be large Observations must be repeated or seen in various conditions Observations cannot conflict with Universal Law or the theory Problems with Induction: Appeals to logic and experience What is a sufficient number of observations? Fails to throw new light on science Deduction : Predictions and explanations Starts with laws and theories created from Induction Defines initial conditions Creates predictions and explanations Objectivism : The belief that mankind can be removed from his surrounding and experiences while making observations. Four Ways of Science: Scientific Imperialism: Science is a truth arbiter Anything science says goes Postmodern Relativism: Plurality of truths, science of only one form of subjective truth, and science has made errors in the past, so it should be questioned. Godism: Mankind is created and truth is God revealed Science is a creation of man and it should always be evaluated as wither good or bad. Relativism: “tacit knowledge” -We know more than what we can tell Three steps: 1. Person A experiences event. 2. Person A recaps event.
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3. Person B explores the event. Postmodernism: Plurality of truths, science of only one form of subjective truth, and science has made errors in the past, so it should be questioned. Presuppositions of Science: Materialism = matter is made of particles and energy. Together they are all there is in the universe. Naturalism = everything that happens, happens by natural (not supernatural) means. Objectivism = the belief that scientists are objective. Reductionism = a phenomena can be understood by breaking it into its parts and studying each part; the parts re-assembled constitute the phenomena completely.
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ISB 211 Test 1 Study Guide - ISB: 201 Exam 1 Study guide...

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