Theories of Crime

Theories of Crime - STRAIN THEORIES Merton (1938) o An...

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STRAIN THEORIES Merton (1938) o An integrated society maintains balance between social structure and culture o Conformity, Innovation, Ritualism, Retreatism, Rebellion Cohen (1955) o Emphasized structural sources of strain; emphasizes not on monetary goals but on status o Response to status frustration is delinquency o The American Dream exerts pressure toward crime by encouraging an anomic cultural environment o The anomic pressures inherit in the American Dream are nourished and sustained by a distinctive “instutional balance of power” dominated by economy o The interplay between the core cultural commitments of the American Dream and the instuitional balance of power results in widespread anomic, weak, social contracts, and ultimately high levels of crime SOCIAL LEARNING THEORIES Angew (General Strain Theory) o Stress causes strain, strain causes delinquency Learning Theories o Criminal behavior has to be learned o Learning refers to habits & knowledge that develop as a result of experiences of the
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course SOCI 304 taught by Professor Foster during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Theories of Crime - STRAIN THEORIES Merton (1938) o An...

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