windshield surver week 3 1.docx - The purpose of this paper is to describe the location of my community and to identify the community-related health

windshield surver week 3 1.docx - The purpose of this paper...

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Unformatted text preview: The purpose of this paper is to describe the location of my community and to identify the community-related health issue, problems in the Sunnyside, Queens 11377. Also, it is to identify the employment rates, unemployment rate, what types of housing in this area and what type of materials used to build the houses as well as to find out how many people are educated, how many people are uneducated. While doing this assignment two major health problem are to identify for mortality and morbidity and have been isolated. The first problem is obesity, and another is alcoholism. Childhood and adult overweight and obesity have reached epidemic proportions in New York State as well as in across the nation. In New York State including Queens, Sunnyside “24.6 percent of adults are obese, and another 35.6 percent are overweight, affecting an estimated 8.5 million. Overweight and obesity affect 40 percent of New York City (NYC) public school students ages 6-12 years7 and 32 percent of students in the rest of the state. Among children ages, 2-4 years, living in low-income families who participate in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) in NYS, 31.5 percent are overweight or obese” (New York State Department of Health, 2016). Drinking excessive alcohol lead to causes injury after falling on the road, causes an accident while driving also gets liver damage, heart problem and too much drinking alcohol lead to bloating gas and painful ulcers. In this community, many people get sick by drinking more alcohol. CHN Diagnosis The community where I am doing my windshield survey is Sunnyside, Queens, NY. The two problems of this community are obesity and alcoholism. The CHN diagnosis Risk for obesity among all the age groups in Sunnyside, Queens county related to unhealthy eating habits, inadequate knowledge, and sedentary lifestyles. The main focus was to improve diet and increase physical activity The CH nursing intervention is there were many ways from which obesity can be addressed which is by changing the dietary habits and performing the exercise. We could reinforce about carry out and review daily food calorie intake, types and amount of foods as well as eating habits. We should emphasize the importance of avoiding fat diets. Encourage the community people to eat more healthy foods rather than eating junk foods and advice people to consult with a dietician to identify calorie and nutrient requirements for weight loss. Lastly, by creating more public spaces for the physical activity for the babies, adult or older people to perform the exercise. Why you select this problem I select this problem because childhood and adult obesity is a severe problem in the community where I perform the survey as well as in the whole United Nations which put children and adolescent at risk for poor health. It is one of the reasons for mortality and morbidity in this community. People are eating junk foods rather than fresh and healthy foods, it also provides an opportunity for individuals to focus on a realistic picture of the amount of food. Exercise helps to weight loss by reducing appetite, improve muscle tone and help to stay healthy at last people intake can be calculated by several formulas so it is important to meet with a dietician to reduce the intake in a proper way to remain healthy while on diet. Excessive calorie intake and physical inactivity contribute to obesity, which is associated with some of the leading preventable chronic diseases, including heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers “The prevalence of obesity was 18.5% and affected about 13.7 million children and adolescents” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Obesity prevalence in the united states was “13.9% among 2- to 5-year-olds, 18.4% among 6- to 11-year-olds, and 20.6% among 12- to 19-year-olds” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). And in New York “34.1% of adults were overweight and 27.0% of adults had obesity” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017). Two goals Goal 1 Create community environments that promote and support healthy food and beverage choices and physical activity. Goal 1: By December 31, 2018, decrease the percentage of adults ages 18 years and older who consume one or more sugary drink per day By 5% from 20.5% to 19.5% among all adults (New York State Department of Health, 2016). By 10% from 42.9% to 38.6% among adults with an annual household income of < $25,000(New York State Department of Health, 2016). Goal 2 By December 31, 2018, increase the percentage of adults ages 18 years and older who participate in the leisure-time physical activity. By 5% from 73.7% to 77.4% among all adults (New York State Department of Health, 2016). By 10% from 59.0% to 65.0% among adults with less than a high school education and by 10% from 49.9% to 54.9% among adults with disabilities (New York State Department of Health, 2016). References Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, March 5). Adult Obesity Causes & Consequences. Retrieved from Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, August 13). Childhood Obesity Facts. Retrieved from New York State Department of Health. (2016, June). Prevention Agenda 2013-2018: Preventing Chronic Diseases Action Plan. Retrieved from ...
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