AcuteAsthmaMindMap.docx - Pathophysiology Epidemiology...

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Acute Asthma Exacerbation Pathophysiology Allergen, trigger, or irritant exposure Bronchioles react which causes cell mediators to produce inflammatory response This causes mucus production and narrowing of the airways which leads to reduced alveolar gas exchange Treatment Education to identify and avoid triggers Oxygen administration SABAs such as albuterol SAMAs such as ipratropium in conjunction with albuterol or alone if patient cannot tolerate albuterol Oral of IV corticosteroids if patient has not responded to above meds Diagnosis History of allergies Physical exam Wheezing, cough, shortness of breath

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