Far East Notes 2.11.08

Far East Notes 2.11.08 - merchants; Christianity banned 8)...

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Far East in Modern Times Notes 2/11/08 1) Mountainous, archipelago geography forged a feudal system in Japan 2) Japan observed and selectively borrowed culture from foreigners 3) Japanese written record Nihongi , 720 AD, relates mythical origins of Japanese state in 660 BC – three centuries before Japanese appeared in country: the sun goddess Amaterasi’s descendant, Jimmu (“Divine Warrior”) becomes first emperor 4) Shinto (“the way of the gods”) is a nature-worshiping religion which teaches that kami (spirits) inhabits all natural objects. 5) Buddhism entered Japan via Korea and served as a catalyst for Chinese culture. 6) Tokugawa feudal system: under a ceremonial emperor, a shogunate (headed by a shogun) was administered by a bakufu, receiving loyalty of the land-owning daimyo; daimyo left their families hostage of the shogun in Edo (Tokyo) 7) Westerners excluded except for tightly controlled Dutch, British and American
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Unformatted text preview: merchants; Christianity banned 8) Samurai tradition lived on in the bushido code (the way of the warrior), as samurai take up peaceful occupations 9) Increased trade and wealth of merchant class exposed feudal system as obsolete; ignored and isolated peasants revolted 10) Shogun attempted reform but only to stabilize the feudal system: increased rice production, which lowers prices, hurting peasants and samurai a) Law of Supply and demand 11) Japan allowed restricted opening to the West Dutch, Russians, British, Americans 12) Commodore Perry in Edo Bay, 1853, won most favored nation status with extraterritoriality right 13) Satsuma and Choshu daimyo, with Westernized forces, installed a boy emperor, Meiji, in Edo 14) Geography that previously forged feudal Japan now allowed for a new national policy toward a modern, Westernized Japan. 15)...
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Far East Notes 2.11.08 - merchants; Christianity banned 8)...

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