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THE ORIGIN, GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF HOTEL AND TOURISM INDUSTRY
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CHAPTER - III THE ORIGIN, GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF HOTEL AND TOURISM INDUSTRY gravelling is one of man's most basic impulses. An air of excitement, adventure and romance has always been associated with travel. It not only takes one to unknown lands but also fills one with profound experiences'. Staying away from home is a function of travel and accommodating those away from home and supplying them with their basic needs are the functions of a hotel. Other functions are supplementary to these functions2. Food, shelter and clothing are the basic necessities of man. The prehistoric nomadic human tribes were constantly on the move looking for shelter and food. But the present day traveller is provided with the food and shelter of his choice at the place where he wants, by modern hotels. The shift from unintended pleasure out of travel, to travelling exclusively for pleasure constitutes the history of tourism industry. 3.1 The Tourism Industry Tourism is one of the world ' s fastest growing industries and its role in accelerating the economic development of a country is widely recognised. Over the past two decades tourism has emerged as one of the world ' s largest industries. Never before in the history of man - kind, have so many people travelled at home and abroad . In 1992, the number of world travellers was 476 million who spent over US $ 279 billion. Two decades ago tourism was a luxury product available
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48 only to those who had time and money to spare. But it is today available to ng countries. everyone, in the developed and developi practically leisure In the words of Bertrand Russel the art of using one's is intelligently a supreme sign of civilisation. All modern countries are progressing quite rapidly towards life styles which favour the growth and development of tourism. Wanderlust, curiosity rudgery about the unknown, the urge escape from to drudgery I I and monotony of every day life , increased real personal income, technological improvements in manufacturing, increased productivity per worker, increase in leisure, higher levels of education, the development of sabbatical leave for persons outside the field of education, growth of interest in cultural matters, improvements in communication , awareness of other countries, improvements in political and socio-economic conditions and tremendous strides in aviation and surface transportation are the factors responsible for the growth of tourisma & s Man , since antiquity , has been an inveterate traveller. Only the motivations of travel have changed . In ancient times the main motivations were trade, pilgrimage and conquestb . Invention of the wheel and money resulted in the increased flow of trade and commerce which marks the modern era of travel.
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