Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary

Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary - Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary...

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Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Self-fertilize- To form a zygote through the fusion of the sperm and egg produced by the same individual organism. Cross fertilization- the fusion of sperm and egg derived from two different individuals. True-breeding- referring to organisms for which sexual reproduction produces offspring with inherited traits identical to those of the parents. The organisms are homozygous for the characteristics under consideration. Hybrids- the offspring of parents of two different varieties of one species; the offspring of two parents that differ in one or more inherited traits; an individual that is heterozygous for one or more pairs of genes. Cross- the cross fertilization of two different varieties of an organism or of two different species; also called hybridization. P generation- the parent individuals from which offspring are derived in studies of inheritance. P stands for parental F1 generation- the offspring of two parental (p generation) individuals. F1 stands for first filial F2 generation- the offspring of the f1 generation. F2 stands for second filial Monohybrid cross- the experimental mating of individuals differing at one genetic locus Alleles- an alternative form of gene Homozygous- having two identical alleles for a given gene Heterozygous- having two different alleles for a given gene Dominant allele- in heterozygous, the allele that determines the
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course BIOL 123 taught by Professor Sukumaran during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary - Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary...

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