civil liberties - Federalism Thursday, January 17, 2008...

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Federalism Thursday, January 17, 2008 11:38 AM 1. Three systems of government: 1. Unitary system- all powers are vested in the national gov't; sub national units are  creatures of the national govt. (not really strictly unitary) 2. Confederal system- the national gov't exists and operates only at the direction of  the sub national governments. The local units hold all of the power. 3. Federalism- govt powers divided between a central gov't and regional, or sub  divisional gov'ts. Our federal system: National gov't State gov't County gov't City gov't, townships, villages, municipalities School districts 2. Advantages of Federalism: 1. Dispersion of power 2. Keeps gov't closer to the people (can visit local rep) 3. States/local officials to experiment with policies 3. Disadvantages of Federalism: 1. Problems with coordination among the levels of gov't 2. In a federalist system there is a lack of uniformity of laws across states/localities.   In a unitary system all laws are the same. 4. Two major issues in Federalism: 1. Devolution (granting greater power to the states, localities, etc.) i. Devolution, oddly, was influenced by President Clinton. Usually a 
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civil liberties - Federalism Thursday, January 17, 2008...

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