M03 Homework-3.docx - CPIN 269 M03 Homework 1 Summarize...

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Unformatted text preview: CPIN 269 M03 Homework 1. Summarize your understanding of object-oriented development methods based on your reading of the Freetutes article (10 pts) ( ). Answer: This is a software development life cycle model that is call waterfall model that state that the phase are organized in a linear order. This project was feasibility analysis. After the project was completed successfully the requirement and the project planning will start. In waterfall model the activities that are performed in a software development project have requirement analysis as follows: Project planning System design Detail design Coding and unit testing, System integration and testing. 2. Identify criteria used in evaluating and selecting computer equipment. (5 pts) Answer: Computer hardware and system solutions are a primary vehicle for meeting this requirement. However, there is a discipline and there are rules that govern the acquisition of these systems. Many implementations failed to produce the benefits predicted at the initiation of the project. This policy exercises that oversight by instituting evaluation criteria when a project is initiated or before implementation. The principal customers for the product or service provided by the acquired systems are the users and line managers acting on behalf of the District taxpayer. The System must be responsive and adaptive to customer needs, concerns and feedback. Agencies do not exist in a vacuum; they are part of the District government with common needs such as identifying residents, businesses and specifying addresses. The increasing use of systems in every agency increases the need for information sharing across agency boundaries 3. Identify criteria used in evaluating and selecting computer software. (5 pts) Answer: These are the essential selection criteria as follows: Business and industry expertise can impact the entire business and implementation consultant that bring more to the table than IT skills and subject matter expertise. Market Knowledge is most effective, they must also know about the software market, to help you arrive at a solid. Project management capabilities go well beyond a GANTT chart that help you navigate the entire system lifecycle if needed. Methodology deliverable can keep the effort on track, while the lack of a clearly stated methodology raises a red flag. Communication is the scope that changes and issues will arise throughout the systems lifecycle. Independence and objectivity, initiatives can span months or years, they are interested in billable hours and keeping consultants off the bench. 4. List and briefly describe the six main processes involved in project scope management. (5 pts) Answer: The six main processes involved in Project Scope Management are: Planning scope management, Collecting requirements, Defining scope, creating the WBS, Validating scope and controlling scope Planning scope management involves determining how the project’s scope and requirements will be managed Collecting requirements involves defining and documenting the features and functions of the products produced during the project as well as the processes used for creating them Defining scope involves reviewing the project charter, requirements documents, and organizational process assets to create a scope statement Creating the WBS involves subdividing the major project deliverables into smaller, more manageable components Validating scope involves formalizing acceptance of the project deliverables Controlling scope involves controlling changes to project scope throughout the life of the project 5. List and briefly describe five approaches for creating work breakdown structures. (5 pts) Answer: These are the five approaches for creating work breakdown structure as follows: Planning scope management that determine how the project scope and requirement will be managed. Collecting requirements involve defining and documenting the features and function of the products produced during the project as well as the processes used for creating them. Project charter is there to reviewing the scope, documents and organizational process assets to create a scope statement. Work breakdown structure involves subdividing the major project deliverables into smaller, more manageable components. Controlling scope involves control changes to project scope throughout the life of the project. 6. What is a work breakdown structure? What are the inputs and tools used for creating one? (5 pts) Answer: This is the hierarchical decomposition of the deliverables needed to complete a project. It breaks the deliverables down into manageable work packages that can be schedule and have cost and resources assigned to them. These are the three inputs to the work breakdown structure as follow: Project scope statement that give detail description of the project deliverables and work needed to create them. Statement of requirements that describe the document detail business need for the project. The organizational process assets that describe policies, procedures, guidelines, templates, plans, lesson learned. etc. 7. What are some of the advantages that outsourcing offers which is encouraging many companies to adopt it? (5 pts) Answer:Companies that decide to outsource do so for number of reasons as follows: To gain business profitability and efficiency. Costing saving which make businesses embraces outsourcing as a way to realize cost saving or better control over the outsource function. Staffing levels is to way to achieved headcount reduction. Some companies outsource in order to eliminate distraction. 8. You are working on a project to develop a new or enhanced system to help people at your college, university, or organization to find jobs. The system must be tailored to your student or work population and be very easy to use. Write a few paragraphs describing how you would collect requirements for this system. (10 pts) Answer: To collect the requirement for new system I will use following techniques: Interviewing: interview is face to face interaction with users such as students or clients to gather data for system. In this technique, I will talk to users directly. Survey: It is very easy and good method to collect data from users within very less time frame. In this technique, list of questions are framed and users will answered that questions. Document analysis: in this technique information is gathered on the basis of study of existing system. ...
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