Lecture 3-MDSE 521 Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation.pdf

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[ SPU ] 2018 SPU-Nairobi: MDSE 521: Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation Dr. D. O. Ochieng, Ph.D. Page 1 LECTURE THREE PARTICIPATORY MONITORING AND EVALUATION Participatory monitoring and evaluation refers to getting all project stakeholders, particularly the target group, involved in a project evaluation and also the design of the evaluation. The level of participation can vary, from the getting the target group to set objectives, targets, and data sources themselves, to getting participants to gather data, tell their story, and interpret results. Participatory monitoring and evaluation also provides a meaningful way to learn about the process of change, based on the participants’ own experiences. Participatory monitoring and evaluation encourages dialogue at the grassroots level and moves the community from the position of passive beneficiaries to active participants with the opportunity to influence the project activities based on their needs and their analysis. In addition, information is shared both horizontally and vertically within the implementing organization. It is generated by the community group and shared first with the larger community, and then with the donor. In contrast to conventional monitoring where information moves vertically from the CBO or FBO to the donor, in participatory monitoring, information is much more widely shared, particularly at its source, which is the community. 3.1 Participation Participation is “t he organized efforts to increase the control over resources and regulative institutions in given social situations, on the part of groups and movements of those hitherto excluded from such control” Participation is thus defined as “people’s involvement in decision -making processes, their sharing in the benefits of development programs and their involvement in efforts to evaluate such programs”.
[ SPU ] 2018 SPU-Nairobi: MDSE 521: Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation Dr. D. O. Ochieng, Ph.D. Page 2 For Example: Eight blind men are debating on what an elephant looks like. To the one touching the …, the elephant is a… Snout … a snake Tusk … a spear Ears … fan Leg … tree trunk Body... big wall Tail … rope etc. Everybody is actually telling the truth but they are only describing one aspect of the whole. That is the point of participation: when people participate, you are getting everyone’s perceptions of reality. If we put together all the findings, then we come up with a relatively accurate image of the elephant. 3.1.1 Levels of Participation
[ SPU ] 2018 SPU-Nairobi: MDSE 521: Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation Dr. D. O. Ochieng, Ph.D. Page 3 a) Inform - The lowest form of participation, it simply means informing people and extracting information from them. b) Consult - Consult local people, but it does not necessarily mean you will follow their recommendations.

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