civil rights - Civil Rights Tuesday, February 05, 2008...

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Civil Rights Tuesday, February 05, 2008 10:23 AM After the civil war Republicans passed the 13th and 14th amendments. Freed slaves and  the due process clause- equal protection clause (14th amend.)- states cannot discriminate  against individuals or groups   Republicans wanted to undercut the Democrats   Democrats- party of the south (confederate party) Republicans- party of the north (Lincoln's party)   Civil rights refers to the rights of all Americans to equal treatment under the law, as provided  for by the 14th amendment   1st civil rights act (1866) gave African Americans full equality before the law and gave the  nat'l gov't enforcement power   2nd civil rights act (1875) everyone is entitles to full and equal enjoyment of public  accommodations; theaters, and other places of public amusement   Then the big one: Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)- the separate-but-equal doctrine. Legalized  segregation in the south.   Allowed for Jim Crow laws or De Jure segregation in the south (segregation by law)   Voting rights curtailed: Poll taxes: pay $ to vote Literacy test Grandfather clause- if your grandfather couldn't vote, you couldn't
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civil rights - Civil Rights Tuesday, February 05, 2008...

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