congress - Congress Thursday, March 27, 2008 10:23 AM 1. 2....

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Congress Thursday, March 27, 2008 10:23 AM 1. Primary Responsibilities of Congress 1. Article 1 of the constitution vest lawmaking authority in the congress 2. Overtime congress has delegated lawmaking power to other branches: the  President (vie executive orders/executive agreements) and bureaucracy (via  rulemaking) 3. Also the supreme court is involved in lawmaking (via judicial decisions) 2. Structure of Congress 1. Each congress lasts for a term of 2 years; each term is divided into two sessions.  We are in the 2nd session of the 110th congressional term 2. All bills that were submitted in a congress and not acted upon are automatically  killed once the congress. Hence, new bills have to be submitted. 3. The differences between the House and the Senate 1. With its larger size (435 members) the house needs more formal rules 2. House members normally have time limitations on debate for any bill; on  important matters it is usually one minute 3. The senate has unlimited debate. Called filibustering (talking a bill to death.)  debate may end by invoking cloture. 16 senators must sign a petition requesting  cloture, and then 3/5 of the entire membership must vote for cloture  4. The House has the "power of the purse" since all taxing and spending bills must 
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congress - Congress Thursday, March 27, 2008 10:23 AM 1. 2....

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