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political parties - Political Parties Interest Groups...

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Political Parties/ Interest Groups Tuesday, February 12, 2008 10:20 AM A political party is a group of individuals outside the gov't who organize to win elections,  operate the gov't, and determine policy 1. What do political parties do? a. Recruit and nominate candidates for political office b. Help educate the public about political issues c. Coordinate policy among the various branches and levels of the gov't d. The "out party" acts as a watchdog and provides a check on the activities of the  party in power e. Run campaigns including nominating conventions 2. Weak parties versus strong parties a. Strong parties or the "responsible party" model- whichever party wins a national  election has control over the gov't i. They have "control" or party discipline over the members who serve the  party To run for office the party must approve it. Party lists- determine who can run in what district ii. Members must vote party line or they could lose their seats iii. Unlike the U.S., members serving in parliament also have positions in the  gov't (bureaucracy)- if they don't support the party line they could lose their jobs iv. Cannot publicly criticize the party v. The party leader is chosen by its members to be prime minister  (President) vi. Since no separation of power or federalism they control policies b. America's 2-Party system (weak system) i. The U.S. has a 2-paty system- Democrats and Republicans dominate  policies. Our system can result in a divided gov't ii. Divided gov't is when one party controls one institution (executive/Senate/ House) and another party controls one of the other iii. Right now we're divided- the house is democratic, the president 
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