Anthro Final Exam Definitions.docx - ANTH 1120 WINTER...

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ANTH 1120 WINTER SEMESTER EXAM REVIEW SHEET Exam format: Term definitions (1-2 sentences), short answer questions (3-4 sentences), and longeranswer questions (1-2 paragraphs). Students will be required to provide specific examples to support their answers. Exam length: 2 hours PLEASE DO NOT JUST STUDY THIS LIST FOR THE TEST! THERE IS MORE COURSE CONTENT THAN WHAT YOU FIND HERE ON 2 PAGES. SO, FOR EXAMPLE, THERE ARE QUESTIONS THAT ASK YOU TO DISCUSS AND ELABORATE USING EXAMPLES THAT COME FROM ALL THE COURSE CONTENT. Definition: WHO definition of health: it is a "State of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." Healthcare exists to help people maintain this optimal state of health. ... Health can be defined as physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and as a resource for living a full life. It refers not only to the absence of disease, but the ability to recover and bounce back from illness and other problems. Shamanism: In Shamanism, you’re ill when soul is fragmented or lost -Shamanism is a deeply rooted traditional system for healing and solving personal and community problems -A spiritual or healing practitioner, called a shaman, contacts spirits, gods or ancestors for wisdom, advice and healing, usually by entering into an altered state of consciousness – can be entered using rattles, herbal concoctions, dancing, chanting – his spirit can transfer into the other world and get information on why the person he is treating is ill - Shaman is an intermediary – between human and spirit, also tries to heal the self and community - You can get sick if you don’t honour gods or ancestors, can get sick from an evil spirit, can get sick from someone who practices witchcraft/sorcery -A label for a part-time religious healer who is in direct contact with the supernatural realm Importcnace: Act as mediators in their society/culture group between both human and divine or self and society - Communicate with both the living and the dead to resolve tensions, unsettled issues
- Assist in soul retrieval (soul loss, soul fragmentation) One can become sick if you lose your soul. Shaman can try to find that soul in the spiritual world when they enter it - Shaman ties string around patient’s wrist – kind of anchoring the soul back onto its owner -Healing -Dream interpretation -Divination and clairvoyance -Mediation between the Gods and the mortals -Protection against spirits and malevolent practitioners medical anthropology: Subfield of anthropology Draws upon social, cultural, biological, linguistic anthropology to understand the factors which influence health and well-being, the experience and distribution of illness, the prevention and treatment of sickness, healing process, etc. May analyze the politics of healthcare access, local/cultural interpretations and experiences of health and illness How the ways in which we view these differ by sociocultural standards: e.g., the Cree do not

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