SPEA-V 373 Human Resource Management The EEO and Legal...

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SPEA-V 373 Please mute all hand-helds and do not use during class Human Resource Management The EEO and Legal Environment
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Introduction 2 Almost every U.S. organization, public and private, ( at least 5 employees) must abide by the 1964 Civil Rights Act its 1972 amendment, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act. other federal laws regulating employment State and municipal laws may go beyond federal laws .
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Affecting Discriminatory Practices 3 The 1964 Civil Rights Act outlawed racial segregation and discrimination in employment, public facilities, and education Title VII covers hiring, promotion, dismissal, benefits, compensation or any other terms, conditions, or privileges based on race, religion, color, gender, or national origin Organizations must have at least 15 employees to be covered .
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Affecting Discriminatory Practices 4 The 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act (EEOA) enforced the 1964 Civil Rights Act established the Equal Employment Commission (EEOC) expanded scope of civil rights protection to employees of state and local governments, education, and labor introduced affirmative action (Exec. Order 11246)
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Affecting Discriminatory Practices 5 1967 Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) protects people 40 and older stopped companies from requiring mandatory retirement at any age Exceptions for CEO’s
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Affecting Discriminatory Practices 6 The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 Companies may not fire a female employee for being pregnant refuse positive treatment based on pregnancy deny insurance coverage to women Companies must treat pregnant workers as they would any other If an employer offers other types of leave, such as disability, then the worker who is temporarily disabled due to childbirth must be afforded the same leave
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Affecting Discriminatory Practices 7 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 extends protection and reasonable accommodations to those with a disability defines disabled as a person who: 1. has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities 2. has a history or record of such impairment
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