Texas State Government PSCI 2306Final Exam Fall 2018Test Bank Exam: December 4Multiple Choice and fill in the blanks from this list (60 points):1. Ethnic makeup of Texas- The State of Texas is majority of whites. 2. Challenges in Texas: number of challenges. Challenges such as population growth, education policy, infrastructure, access to medical care.3. Individualistic subculture- the idea that individuals are best left largely free of the intervention of community forces such as government and that government should attempt only those things demanded by the people it is created to serve.4. Traditionalistic subculture- the idea, most prevalent in the parts of Texas most like the Old South, that government has a limited role concerned with the preservation of the existing social order.5. Moralistic subculture- rare in Texas, the view that exercise of community pressure is sometimes necessary to advance the public good; it also holds that government can be a positive force and citizens have a duty to participate.6. Texas Constitution- 1876; it is use in the current system.This constitution created three branches of government, with separation of power between the branches and a system of checks and balances. Texas’s constitution is based on the idea of popular sovereignty. It has been amended 491 times.7. Principles of Texas Constitution- popular sovereignty, federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, limited power, and protection of individual rights.8. Weakness of Texas Constitution- 93,000 words, outdated, unorganized, there is no flexibility, legislature session is only 140 days long every other year, the election of judges
causes Texans to think that the judiciary is overly influenced by money, all constitutional amendments are voted on during a special session or an odd year when there is less voter turnout.9. Constitutional Convention of 1974- the constitution has not been re-written since 1974 10. Limited representation- a government that s subject to strict limits on its lawful uses of power, and hence on its ability to deprive people of their liberty.11. Seven versions of Texas Constitution- 1827: Constitution of Coahuila and Texas1836: Constitution of the Republic 1845: Constitution1866: Constitution (failed to meet the demands of the radical republicans)1869: Reconstruction Constitution (created an impactful change to freed slaves)1876: Texas Constitution (contained 17 articles. Jacksonian democracy)12. Grange- coalition of U.S. farmers, particularly in the Middle West, that fought monopolistic grain transport practices during the decade following the American Civil War. Itbegan with a single individual, Oliver Hudson Kelley.13. Right-to-work- guarantees that no person can be compelled, as a condition of employment, to join or not to join, nor to pay dues to a labor union14. Devolution- returning power to state governments.