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Columbian ExchangeConsidering Crosby’s The Columbian Exchange Directions1. Respond to the following quotation from the introduction of the book The Columbian Exchange by Alfred Crosby.“The first step to understanding man is to consider him as a biological entity which has existed on this globe, affecting, and in turn affected by, his fellow organisms, formany thousands of years.” Source: Alfred W. Crosby. The Columbian Exchange, Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers, 2003.Using your knowledge of world history before 1450, identify and explain 3 examplesthat support Crosby’s assertion. Type response here:1) Disease: Kills off people therefore making room for more plants and animals thrive. Ex: Black Death. 2) Agriculture:Destroys land, which takes away from the environment3) Development of cities: Deforestation of trees, which causes pollution inthe air. 2. Respond to the following quotation from the introduction of the book The Columbian Exchange by Alfred Crosby.“The most important changes brought on by the Columbian voyages were biological in nature.” Source: Alfred W. Crosby. The Columbian Exchange, Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers, 2003. Identify and explain 3 specific changesthat would support Crosby’s assertion. Type response here: 1) The cultivation of plants (cash crops):created loss of biodiversity in theAmericas but also the spread of crops improved many European’s nutritional diets. 2) The domestication of animals: horses, pigs and cattle:had declined theNative population in the Americas because they were often carriers and creators of new diseases. 3)The deadly exchanges of diseases such as measles, smallpox, and
influenza:brought huge shortages to workers in the Americas, which caused a wipeout of population.3. Which biological organisms that travelled from the Americas to Afro-Eurasia had the largest long-term effect? Explain why. Type response here:4. Which biological organisms that travelled from the Afro-Eurasia to the Americas had the largest long-term effect? Explain why. Type response here:Biological organisms such as horses, diseases and sugar had the longest term effect because we still use horses today, we have vaccines for diseases and every single American even diabetics have sugar included in their diets. Biological Exchanges DirectionsThe way it wasbeforebiological connectivity:Respond to each of these three quotations in three ways: • Identify whether the quotation is from a primary or secondary source. • Describe how what is said in the document might reflect the audience, the purpose of the document, the historical context, or the author’s point of view.• Describe how the document demonstrates an aspect of the biological context before the Columbian Exchange.