Wk2 Assgnt 6501.docx - Henriette Ghapsi Walden University NURS 6501 Advanced Pathophysiology December 2017 Week 2 Assignment Adaptive Response

Wk2 Assgnt 6501.docx - Henriette Ghapsi Walden University...

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Henriette Ghapsi Walden University NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology December , 2017 Week 2 Assignment Adaptive Response
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Introduction Human body is a system that uses compensatory mechanism to adapt to the environment (Adaptive response, 2017). To diagnose and treat disorders, the Advanced Practice Nurse should be able to differentiate normal from abnormal symptoms that create imbalance of the system homeostasis of the body. This assignment has three scenarios about different generations; a two- years-old child with tonsillitis, a twenty-seven-year-old adult with contact dermatitis, and a sixty- five-year-old elder woman with stress. I will elaborate the pathophysiology, the associated alterations, as well as the adaptive responses of the patients to their disease processes. I will also draw a mind map to describe pharyngitis that will include the epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, as well as the diagnosis. Tonsillitis All the objective and physical symptoms in the first scenario are those of a disease called tonsillitis. The two-year-old Jennifer’s mother came the see the doctor because the child has been running temperature on and off the pass three days despite the ibuprofen. The mother complained that the child is fussy, would not eat breakfast or even sit still to watch her favorite show as usual. Assessment revealed the skin of the child hot and dry, febrile, erythematous throat with 4+ tonsil and exudates, palpable anterior cervical node on the left side tender to touch, sore throat, tachycardia, and painful swallowing. The diagnosis is therefore tonsillitis and treatments options will be discussed. Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat, the inflammation may extend to the adenoid as well (Medscape, 2017). Virus or bacteria can cause tonsillitis. Therefore, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis. Many causes of tonsillitis are the results of viruses such as adenovirus, Measles virus, Herpes viruses, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Simplex virus, and Epstein-Bar virus. On the other hand, bacterial tonsillitis is the result of Group A Beta-Hemolitic Streptococcus Pyrogens (GABHS) that adhere
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to the adhesion receptors located in the epithelium of the tonsils. The invasion of these organisms
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  • Fall '13
  • Tonsillitis

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