Week 1 quiz Pharm.docx - User Course HENRIETTE GHAPSI NURS-6521N-25,Advanced Pharmacology.2018 Winter Qtr 11\/26-02\/17-PT27 Week 1 Quiz 1:56 PM 3:13 PM

Week 1 quiz Pharm.docx - User Course HENRIETTE GHAPSI...

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UserHENRIETTE GHAPSICourseNURS-6521N-25,Advanced Pharmacology.2018 Winter Qtr 11/26-02/17-PT27TestWeek 1 - QuizStarted11/29/18 1:56 PMSubmitted11/29/18 3:13 PMDue Date12/3/18 1:59 AMStatusCompletedAttempt Score38 out of 40 points Time Elapsed1 hour, 17 minutes out of 1 hour and 40 minutesInstructionsPlease answer each question below and click Submitwhen you havecompleted the Quiz.Results DisplayedFeedbackQuestion 11 out of 1 pointsAn unconscious patient has been brought to the hospital, and the physician has prescribed a life-saving drug to be administered parenterally. Which of the following methods would be the most appropriate for the nurse to use when administering themedication?Response Feedback:Intravenous infusion is the preferred method for use in emergency situations when rapid drug effects are desired. Absorption is considered to be instantaneous, as the drug is placed directly into the bloodstream. The subcutaneous and intramuscular routes could be used but would not ensure rapid drug effects. Intrathecal administration is usually done by a physician or a specially trained health care provider.Question 20 out of 1 pointsA patient is treated with an antibiotic for an infection in his leg. After 2 days of taking the antibiotic, the patient calls the clinic and reports that he has a rash all over his body. The nurse is aware that a rash can be an adverse effect of an antibiotic and can be either a biologic, chemical, or physiologic action of the drug, which is an example ofResponseFeedback:Pharmacodynamics is the biologic, chemical, and physiologic actions of a particular drug within the body and the study of how those actions occur, including adverse effects. It is how the drug affects the body. The pharmacodynamics of a drug is responsible forits therapeutic effects and sometimes its adverse effects.
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Pharmacotherapeutics refers to the desired, therapeutic effect of the drug. Pharmacokinetics is the changes that occur to the drug while itis inside the body. Pharmacogenetics is the study of how genetic variables affect the pharmacodynamics of a drug in a specific patient.Question 31 out of 1 pointsTalwin given in combination with Vistaril diminishes the adverse effects of nausea caused by the Talwin. This drug interaction affecting the pharmacodynamics of the Talwin isResponse Feedback:An antagonistic drug interaction results in a therapeutic effect that is less than the effect of either drug alone because the second drug either diminishes or cancels the effects of the first drug. An additive effect occurs when two or more “like” drugs are combined and the result is the sum of the drugs' effects. A synergistic effect occurs when two or more “unlike” drugs are used together to produce a combined effect and the outcome is a drug effect greater than either drug's activity alone. Potentiation is an interaction in which the effectof only one of the two drugs is increased.
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