soci212 lesson 8 - Pulling Back the Curtain on Oz How is...

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Pulling Back the Curtain on Oz How is the government really run, as viewed with a sociological lens? First, we would consider that issues of race or gender have a great impact on how the U.S. government is run. The U.S. government, like many other democracies, is also affected by a civic society, which is a group of citizens that includes community-based organizations, the mass media, lobbyists, and voters. In societies based on rational-legal authority, people obey the rules even when they disagree. Unlike totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and monarchy, in a democracy, citizens can participate in governmental decisions and elect leaders. The government also recognizes individual rights such as freedoms of speech, press, and assembly. Unfortunately, only about half of eligible Americans vote in national elections and only 25 percent vote in local elections. So who runs America, then? According to functionalism, the people are in charge. CONFLICT THEORYFEMINIST THEORISTS Interactive Element Here is an exploration you may wish to do. This site will help you to visualize the history of conflict in various parts of the world, though for this exercise let's focus on the Middle East and its history. Go to 1. Before clicking "Play," take out a pen and paper, or use your computer and write down all the groups you can think of who have laid claim to ruling the Middle East at any point in the last 5,000 years.
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