Chapter 4-Sanitary Fixtures.pptx - Chapter 4 u2013...

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Chapter 4 – Plumbing Fixtures
The most common plumbing fixtures are: Bathtubs Bidets Channel drains Drinking fountains Hose bib (connections for water hoses ) Janitor sinks Kitchen sinks Lavatories Showers
Tapware - an industry term for that sub-category of plumbing fixtures consisting of tap valves , also called water taps (British English) or faucets (American English), and their accessories, such as water spouts and shower heads. Terminal valves for dishwashers, ice makers, humidifiers, etc. Urinals Utility sinks Water closets (WC) (known as toilets in the USA, loos, flush toilets or lavatories in Britain)
WATER CLOSET, BIDET, URINAL, LAVATORY with FAUCET AND SHOWER SET Shower Set Water Closet Bidet Urinal Flush tank WC Lavatory with Faucet
Materials - General Requirements Quality of Fixtures – Plumbing fixtures shall be manufactured of dense, durable, non-absorbent materials and must have smooth, impervious surfaces, free from unnecessary concealed fouling surfaces. Except as permitted elsewhere in this Code, all fixtures shall conform in quality and design to nationality recognized applicable standards or to other approved standards acceptable to the Administrative Authority. All porcelain enamel surfaces on Plumbing fixtures shall be acid resistant.
Water Closet bowls for public use shall be the elongated bowl types equipped with open front seats. Water closet seats shall be of smooth non- absorbent material and properly sized for the water closet bowl used.
Materials Alternatives Special-use fixtures may be made of soapstone, chemical stoneware or may be lined with lead, copper base alloy, nickel-copper alloy, corrosion-resisting steel or other materials especially suited for the used which the fixtures are intended. Restaurant kitchen and other special-use sinks may be of approved type bonderized and galvanized sheet steel of not less than Gauge No. 16 US, B&S or 1.6mm thick. All sheet metal plumbing fixtures shall be adequately designed, constructed and braced in an approv ed manner to satisfactorily accomplish the intended purposes.
Overflows When any fixture is provided with an overflow outlet, the waste shall be so arranged that the standing water inside the fixture cannot rise inside the overflow way when the stopper is closed or remain inside the overflow way when the fixture is empty. The overflow pipe from the fixture shall be connected to the house or inlet side of the fixture trap. Water closet or Urinal flush tanks shall discharge into the bowls or wares served by them, but it shall be unlawful to connect such overflows with any other part of the drainage system.
STRAINERS AND CONNECTIONS Strainers – All plumbing fixtures other than water closets and siphon action wash

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