Alcohol_Nutrition.07w - More on Dietary Supplements n...

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    More on Dietary Supplements Article in this week’s JAMA
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    Mortality in Randomized Trials of Antioxidant Supplements for Primary and Secondary Prevention: Systematic Review and Meta- analysis Goran Bjelakovic et al., JAMA. 2007;297:842-857
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    Study Design Objective: To assess the effect of antioxidant supplements on mortality in randomized primary and secondary prevention trials. A meta analysis that included 68 randomized trials with 232 606 participants (385 publications). Goran Bjelakovic et al., JAMA. 2007;297:842-857
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    Conclusions Treatment with beta carotene, vitamin A, and vitamin E may increase mortality. The potential roles of vitamin C and selenium on mortality need further study. Goran Bjelakovic et al., JAMA. 2007;297:842-857
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    Commentary “Because we examined only the influence of synthetic antioxidants, our findings should not be translated to potential effects of fruits and vegetables.” Goran Bjelakovic et al., JAMA. 2007;297:842-857
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    Core Alcohol and Drug Survey Conducted at Cornell in 2000, 2003, & 2005 719 respondents in 2003 1595 in 2004 1969 in 2005
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    Gannett Web Site http://www.gannett.cornell.edu/top10Top
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    Gannett Core Alcohol and Drug Survey. 2005. http://www.gannett.cornell.edu/top10Topics/alcohol-tobacco-drugs/AOD/cornellUse.html
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    Gannett 2005 Survey 83% of Cornell students consume alcohol 45% of the 83% engage in “high-risk drinking 5 or more drinks in a sitting 49% of males and 42% of females engaged in high-risk drinking 72% of sorority members engaged in high- risk drinking 36% of female non-sorority members engaged in high-risk drinking Cornell Daily Sun, Feb 23, 2006
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    2005 Dietary Guidelines for  Americans Those who choose to drink alcoholic beverages should do so sensibly and in moderation—defined as the consumption of up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.
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    2005 Dietary Guidelines for  Americans Alcoholic beverages should not be consumed by some individuals, including those who cannot restrict their alcohol intake, women of childbearing age who may become pregnant, pregnant and lactating women, children and adolescents, individuals taking medications that can interact with alcohol, and those with specific medical conditions.
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    2005 Dietary Guidelines for  Americans
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