exam2 soc - Chapter 6 Beauty standards Beauty is stratified...

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Chapter 6 Beauty standards Beauty is stratified i.e men vs women, race, economics Impression management/dramaturgy e Impression management: act of presenting a favorable public image of oneself so that others will form positive judgments • Impression management differs from role to role • Impression management of my self (who I am), the situation (what is going on) and my team or organization are connected • When people believe they are failing to give off correct impressions, they attempt to correct the bad impression Some elements of performance • Front stage: area of social interaction where people perform and work to maintain appropriate impressions (p. 189) • Back stage: area of social interaction away from the view of an audience, where people can rehearse and rehash their behavior (p. 189) • Performance team: set of individuals who cooperate in staging a performance that leads an audience to form an impression of one or all team members Mismanaged impressions may result in spoiled individual identities, spoiled situations, and ruined team identities h When people believe they are failing to give off the desired impression, they attempt to repair the bad impression h Aligning action: action taken to restore an identity that has been damaged • Account: statement designed to explain unanticipated, embarrassing, or unacceptable behavior after the behavior has occurred • Disclaimer: assertion designed to forestall any complaints or negative reactions to a behavior or statement that is about to occur h Aligning actions assert the relationship between our problematic conduct and cultural norms h Protective practices: actions taken to help another person restore or maintain a desired identity, e.g., civil inattention, tact, accepting apology h Cooling out (the mark): gently persuading someone who has lost face to accept a less desirable but still reasonable alternative identity Luckenbill’s study of homicide Step 1- Offense to face • Insult to offender, family or friends (41%) • Refusal to comply with request (34%) • Non-verbal or physical gesture (25%) Step 2-Interpretation of victim’s action as personally offensive • Audience or victim may be questioned about meaning (60%) • Offender may determine meaning from “rehearsals” (40%) Step 3-Countermove to “save face” (offender doesn’t back down) • Offender kills victim (14%)
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• Offender issues challenge to victim (86%) Step 4 Forging agreement to battle (victim won’t back down) • Victim doesn’t comply with challenge (41%) • Physical attack (30%) • Counterchallenge (29%) • Audience often helps define situation as battle
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exam2 soc - Chapter 6 Beauty standards Beauty is stratified...

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