EN BANCG.R. No. L-21937 November 29, 1969THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,plaintiff-appellee, vs.FELIPE B. PAREJA, ET AL.,defendants,FELIPE B. PAREJA,defendant-appellant.PER CURIAM:In the early evening of July 3, 1961, as Antonio Abad Tormis, lawyer and columnist-editor of Cebu City's leading daily newspaper The Republic News, came out of the Esquire Barber Shop along Borromeo street in Cebu City, a man casually sidled alongside and greeted him courteously. Acknowledging the greeting but without changing his normal pace, Tormis proceeded towards his car, which was parked nearby. He had already entered his car and was about to start the motor when the same man suddenly whipped out a revolver and pumped three bullets into him. At practically point-blank range, all three bullets accurately found their mark: two of them penetrated the victim's heart and death was instantaneous.The news of the Tormis killing spread like wildfire not only in Cebu City but throughout the nation. The violent death of Tormis, who was regarded as a leading local citizen, one whose credentials as a crusading newspaperman had been impressive, arrested the concern of an awakened public. Local as well as national police agencies joined hands in tracking down the perpetrators.About a week after the occurrence, the police received a tip that two laborers in the arrastre service at the port of Cebu, namely, Cesario Orongan and Gaspar Mesa, might have had some participation in the commission of the crime. First to be apprehended was Gaspar Mesa, who, after being duly investigated, executed a sworn written statement (Exh. "GG") relating in detail the incidents of the killing and the extent of his participation therein. In his statement Mesa admitted that he was the gunman's companion at the time. He acknowledged having witnessed the actual shooting and positively identified Cesar Roble1as the one who fired the gun, pursuant to the instruction of a certain "Toto",2who had earlier supplied the fatal weapon. Mesa also admitted having received P100.00 from Orongan to buy his silence. Mesa further declared in his sworn statement that hours before the shooting he and Orongan were taken by Toto to the office of appellant Pareja, where the murder plan was finalized. Thus:Q Do you know what is the true name of Toto and where he works?A I do not know the true name of Toto, but I can recognize him if I see him, and I know that he is working at the City Hall.Q Why do you know that Toto works at the City Hall?A Because on July 3, 1961, at about 9:00 o'clock in the morning I and Cesar Roble (Orongan) were brought by Toto to the Office of Pareja at City Hall.Q For what reason and object did Toto bring you and Cesar Roble to the office of Pareja?A I did not know because it was only Toto and Cesar Roble who were talking in whispers.