Running head: CASE 3Case Selected: Case 3MR, a 23-year-old Native American male, comes in to see you because he has been having anxiety and wants something to help him. He has been smoking "pot" and says he drinks to help him too. He tells you he is afraid that he will not get into Heaven if he continues in this lifestyle. He is not taking any prescription medications and denies drug use. He has a positive family history of diabetes, hypertension, and alcoholism.Socioeconomic, Spiritual, Lifestyle, and Other Cultural FactorsCulture refers to the human way of life. It reflects unique customs, behaviors, beliefs, language, morals, and values among individuals of a particular cultural background (Ball, Dains, Flynn, Solomon, & Stewart, 2015). In the field of healthcare, cultural competence is the ability tounderstand and embrace cultural diversity and how it affects other people’s well being. In other words, it encompasses the ability of healthcare practitioners to provide patient care that meets thecultural differences of the patient by applying the knowledge of cultural diversity (Ball et al., 2015). According to Esposito (2013), cultural competence can be viewed through the lens of essentialist and constructivist. Basing the definition on an essentialist point of view, cultural competence is the ability to understand an individual differences based solely on his or her geographic location and ethnicity. On the other hand, contrary to the essentialist definition, cultural competence takes into consideration other aspects such as sex, age, gender, and socioeconomic status. Health professionals must ensure that they acquaint themselves with the diverse cultures to be able to offer top-notch care to patients. Understanding how age, sex, genders, social class, and educational level impact the provision of care in different cultural backgrounds is of the essence.