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Unformatted text preview: REV IEW SHEET EXAM TWO Ch. 4, 8, 9, 10 This study guide is designed to help you organize your studying and review key concepts. This is not all inclusive and the chapters should be read in addition to your notes from lecture. Other things that may help you include: reviewing lecture notes and chapters in the book being able to identify all vocabulary words at the end of each chapter and provide examples the tests are more than definition, knowing how to apply the concepts is also an important part of exams Chapter 4 Developing through the Life Span 1) What do developmental psychologists study? A branch of psy that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout lifespan. 2) What occurs during prenatal development? Conception to birth. What are the differences between a zygote the fertilized egg, it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division into an embryo , embryo from 2 weeks till 2 months , and fetus? From 9 weeks till birth 3) What are teratogens? Agents that can cause harm during prenatal development What is FAS and what are some of its effects? Fetal Alchohol syndrome- physical and cognitive abnormalities. Sometimes facial misproportions 4) Describe some of the newborn abilities: rooting reflexes babys tendency, when touched on cheek to turn toward touch with open mouth in search of nipple , preferences for faces , they gaze longer at faces sounds, they suck more when they hear their moms voice then a stranger etc. 5) What other cognitive developments are occurring during infancy? They grow bored with constant stimuli. Object permanence, stranger anxiety 6) Understand the concept of habituation. Decreased responsiveness with repeated stimulation. What is maturation? Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience 7) Understand what is meant by a schema. A concept or framework that organizes and interprets info. Your dog schema is thought of as something that is furry, with 4 legs, ect. 8) Understand the difference between assimilation interpreting ones new experience in terms of ones existing experience and accommodation. Adapting ones current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new info 9) Describe Piagets 4 stages of cognitive development, and understand what occurs in each stage (see table 4.1 on pg. 148 for help): Sensorimotor experiencing the world through senses and actions (object permanence the awareness that objects continue to exist even when hidden stranger anxiety fears of strangers that form around 8 months of age ) Preoperational representing things with words and images; use intuitive rather then logical reasoning (pretend play , egocentrism difficulty taking anothers point of view. , language) concrete operational Thinking logically about concrete events; grasping concrete analogies and performing arithmetical operations (conservation properties such as mass and volume stay the same despite changes in form ) formal operational...
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.
- Spring '08