archaelogy_exam_2 - Anthro 102 Exam #3 - Study Guide EXAM...

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Anthro 102 Exam #3 - Study Guide EXAM FORMAT: There will be three parts to the exam. Section I will consist of 15 multiple-choice questions. Section II will consist of identifications, in which you will choose 4 terms from a list 6. For each one, you will define it and give its importance in two or three sentences. These terms will all come from the list below. Section III is a short essay section. You will choose one of two questions and answer it in a couple paragraphs. The key issues that will be addressed in the essay questions are listed below, although the exact questions will be different. PLEASE NOTE: You will be expected to know the material in the textbook and readings, the contents of the class lectures, the handouts, and the material discussed in section. TERMS: Mesoamerica Olmec – The Aztec name for the late prehispanic inhabitants of the Gulf Coast region of Mexico. Mesoamerica – Includes central and southern Mexico, the Yucatan peninsula, and the northern parts of Central America. The people shared a reliance on similar staple foods (maize, beans, squash , avacado, and chili peppers), widespread trade, and related religious systems (calandar, stepped pyramids, ritual sacrifice of blood, writing systems, and specific style of dress). Olmec Horizon – On the Gulf Coast between 1150 and 700 B.C. is distinguished by specific styles of monuments and art, including massive basalt heads, large mounds, rectangular carved stone altars, an abundance of greenstone, slant-eyed clay figures, the were-jaguar figure (half man, half jaguar), black and white pottery, and repeated use of certain stylized designs on ceramic vessels. These traits are a widely distributed set of cultural traits and artifact assemblages that spread rapidly through the Olmec population. San Lorenzo – Located in dense, often swampy, tropical vegetation on broad river plains along the Gulf Coast. Carved basalt, extensive earthen mound groups, and caches of jade were used by its inhabitants. Began with earlier village inhabitation who only settled a small part of San L., perhaps as early as 1500 B.C. Reached its peak between 1150 and 900 B.C. Mapped out hundreds of monuments, mounds, and lagunas which may have been used for ritual bathing. Ceramic designs found here clearly show that the Olmec occupied this area. Also deposits of basalt chips
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archaelogy_exam_2 - Anthro 102 Exam #3 - Study Guide EXAM...

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