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Unformatted text preview: Com Dis Language Review 1 Com Dis Language Review Language Development REVIEW FROM WEBSITE: HEINTZELMAN - LANGUAGE AND HEARING IMPAIRMENT Great variability in language development (Audiogram not good predictor) Factors underlying variability: age of onset, age of identification, age of amplification, degree hearing loss… Risk factors: Social interaction, babbling different -> speech delayed, same but stages prolonged, Limited incidental learning Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) – Screening 1 st month -> Confirmation 3 rd month -> Intervention 6 th month Communication Approaches: Deaf Culture (ASL), Oralism (English), Total Commun. (MCE+Oral), Bilingual/Bicultural (ASL->English) SMITH - LANGUAGE LEARNING DISABILITIES Definition of exclusion: Significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities not due to MR, sensory deficits, emotional disturbance, lack of opportunity Characteristics: Underachievement not due to external factors, presumed CNS dysfunction, Persists across lifespan Incidence : General population: 1-30%; School age children: 5-10% Receptive Component: Perception (word recog.), Memory (dysnomia), Comprehension (slowed processing) Expressive Component: Word usage, Syntax, Motor Control Common misperception = not paying attention. Rather can’t ignore. Approach: Reduce F.A.T. – frustration, anxiety, and tension ROSIN - CULTURAL & LINGUISTIC DIVERSITY U.S. Demographics: 10% born elsewhere and may not have English as 1st language; 40% English language learners in schools by 2030 Monolingualism is the exception in the world Normative diagnostic and intervention information in communicative disorders based on caucasian, middle-class people Those outside this group are identified as culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) Culture affects all aspects of communication Verbal – Semantics (word meaning), Syntax (word order), Phonology (sound system), Pragmatics (social use) Nonverbal – Proxemics (personal space), Eye contact, gestures etc. Assessment of Language Disorder vs. CLD: Teach and retest, Normal communication in own cultural group? MILLER - LANGUAGE AND MENTAL RETARDATION Def: Significantly sub-average intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with impairments in two or more of the following adaptive skills areas, communication, self- Com Dis Language Review 2 care, home living, social skills, community use, self-direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure and work.. Mental retardation manifests before age 18. Causes: Genetic syndromes, Metabolic disease, Prenatal Injury, Diseases, Environmental deprivation Down syndrome: Extra portion of the number 21 chromosome in all or some cells Not all children are delay in vocabulary learning (variability) Predictors of vocabulary learning : Hearing status – no, Maternal interaction – no, Speech motor function - modest EVANS - LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT 0-3 Mos: Reflexive (cries, sneezes, grunts) -> Cooing w/o goal (beginning vowels) ->...
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course COM DIS 110 taught by Professor Weismer during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.
- Spring '08