PS_104_The_Completed_Final_Review_Sheet - Political Science...

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Political Science 104: American Politics and Government: Final Review Sheet The Media: In what ways are the media biased in their coverage of politics? - Journalists report in considerations of ratings, career success and professional prestige and political influence o Journalists not only report the news but interpret it o Have the opportunity to insert their own ideals, perspectives or opinions into stories - Politicians’ activities and interests are potential news topics (i.e. The President can set the news agenda through speeches) o Politicians try to manipulate their image o Will leak “juicy” news in exchange for the reporter casting them in a favorable light - Consumer preferences, such as those of the affluent of those of the people who watch the news for its entertainment value, influence news content Is “public journalism” the solution to many of the problems posed by the media? - No public journalism puts too much power in the hands of the biased public, they want to shape the news rather than report it Is objectivity in the media desirable or possible? - Yes, objectivity is desirable because the media takes too much of a role in political campaigns; the media is not suited to choose leaders o The media has too much power in shaping public opinion and attitudes o Focuses too much on negative coverage and too much on opinion o Without objectivity there is a loss of the sense of proportion, “feeding frenzy” - Robert Bressler : the media cannot be separated from the society in which it works; American is in the midst of a significant cultural division, and it is inevitable that the media will represent this split. - Brett Cunningham : the pursuit of objectivity leads to problems; reporters are so worried about being charged as biased that they allow misleading statements to be broadcast without challenge. - Howard Myrick : objectivity in the media is not only worthwhile, but indispensable… it is a goal well worth pursuing, for the good of the profession of journalism, more importantly, for the good of the nation. How has the mainstream media been challenged by new tactics and technology? - The internet – live coverage, less time for analysis
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- Jonathan Last : contends that the new media have had a profound effect on the presentation of news in the U.S. In particular, new media can force items onto the agenda of the old media. Because of more outlets to discuss issues, more buzz around stories forcing traditional media to feel obliged to pick up a story. Political Parties What are the functions of parties? - Link between people and the government; attract public support, recruit candidates, maintain an organization, coordinate policy and government - Source of collective responsibility (general belief in an activist government) - Also the source of everything that is wrong in politics Why did parties decline in the U.S. and to what extent have they come back? -
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PS_104_The_Completed_Final_Review_Sheet - Political Science...

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