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Review_Terms_for_Political_Science_104_Final - Review Terms...

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Review Terms for Political Science 104 Final The Media Investigative reporting reporters deeply investigate a topic of interest, often involving crime, political corruption, or some other scandal. An investigative journalist may spend a considerable period researching and preparing a report, sometimes months or years, whereas a typical daily or weekly news reporter writes items concerning immediately available news “Horserace” coverage day to day coverage of who is ahead in the election Regulating the media Changes in the media culture (the rise of adversarial journalism) during the 19 th century, newspapers depended on legal parties to subsidize them but with the 20 th century’s development of commercial advertising, newspapers became financially independent and nonpartisan. Adversarial journalism is a form of journalism in which the media are hostile toward government and public officials The “bandwagon effect” a situation wherein reports of voter or delegate opinion can influence the actual outcome of an election or a nominating convention Sources of media power Interpretive versus policy coverage Nationalization of the news Prior restraint an effort by a governmental agency to block the publication of material it deems libelous or harmful in some other way; censorship. In the US, the courts forbid prior restraint except under the most extraordinary circumstances Agenda setting activities that help to determine which issues are taken up by political actors and institutions Framing the power of the media to influence how events and issues are interpreted Priming a process of preparing the public to take a particular view of an event of a political actor The trivialization of politics Political Parties Partisanship an inclination to favor one group or view or opinion over alternatives Political patronage the practice by holders of political office of appointing their followers or fellow party members to positions, loyalty is the criterion for selecting a person rather than more meritocratic considerations. Single-member district an electorate that is allowed to elect only one representative from each district; the normal method of representatives in the US Winner-take-all a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. Plurality districts a type of electoral system in which victory goes to the individual who gets the most votes in an election, not necessarily a majority of votes cast Realignment shifting in direction of a new majority party, mobilization- bringing in new voters, governing side evidence, if there is truly realignment there will be a shift in policy
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Dealignment movement among voters toward nonpartisanship, resulting in a weakening of party structure Party in the electorate…organization…and government Cross-cutting issues issues that divide the parties (i.e. slavery, abortion, great depression) Divided government a situation in which one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress.
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Review_Terms_for_Political_Science_104_Final - Review Terms...

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