Day 5 - Pyramids

Day 5 - Pyramids - 1 2 PYRAMIDS Egyptian religion -...

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1 1 PYRAMIDS 2 Egyptian religion - cyclical travels of sun-god Re; 3 Osiris murdered & cut to pieces by jealous brother Seth; put together by wife Isis - Osiris reincarnated as god of underworld - cycles. 4 belief in afterlife; citizens benefit by ensuring pharaoh eternal life - their fate tied to his through ma'at, protect his people in afterlife. 5 belief in soul ('ba") everyone has spiritual duplicate or life force ("ka") afterworld. ba as bird with dead person’s face 6 re-enter mummification magic/religious act. embalmer's chamber -"house of purification" or "tent of the god" - 7 Earliest form simple - wrapped in animal skin or linen; hot dry sand drew water out of body. 8 Develop skill in removing organs & preserving features of dead - technique evolves. 72 day process
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2 9 Remove organs through incision in abdomen; then seal with “wedjat” eye plaque so demons couldn’t enter body, often gold so protected forever 10 yards of linens wrapping body. 11 removal of vital organs (liver, lungs, stomach, intestines) - mummified, each organ protected by different god, kept in fancy "canopic" jars. Heart left in body, brain discarded. 12 "opening the mouth" ceremony - symbolic ritual to let deceased eat 13 stability for millions of years” 14 special magic "heart scarab - precious stones. 15 Afterlife - “weighing of the heart” ceremony - deceased’s heart weighed against feather of justice before Osiris; if good, becomes immortal; if not enough good to counterbalance, heart eaten by crocodile 16 scarab to prevent heart from speaking against owner. O my heart which I received from my mother do not stand up against me as a witness! Do not create opposition against me among the assessors! Do not tip the scales against me in the presence of the Keeper of the Balance! 17 “pyramid texts” - inscriptions written on walls as spell to ensure pharaoh’s ascent into sky as god. Spell for not dying again. 18 Journey to afterlife dangerous - spell give spirit food for journey, enemies, answers to questions asked by keepers of seven gates to
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3 prove legitimacy. Then arrive at hall of Osiris for judgment. 19
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 284 taught by Professor Bix during the Winter '07 term at Iowa State.

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Day 5 - Pyramids - 1 2 PYRAMIDS Egyptian religion -...

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