Day 4 - Egypt

Day 4 - Egypt - 1 2 EGYPT contact with Sumer - traders &...

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1 1 EGYPT 2 Like Sumeria, wealth based on agriculture. Farming 5000 BC. wooden tools - rakes, hoes, sickles 3 plow - one man guided oxen, second pushed plow into soil, third scattered seed, fourth raked. diet grain, fish - Tomb model of granary 4 cities along Nile. Mud brick houses, with mud plaster floors, stone doorways. Narrow rectangular bricks, flat top - higher percent clay than Sumer, needed less mud filler. 5 Temples, kings’ tombs, other major structures all stone. Karnak 6 • Luxor 7 Similarities to Sumer - river, agriculture, multi-god religion, hierarchically-organized society. Differences. Mesopotamian city-states fight each other & invaders; Egypt no immediate enemies (at least early). Egypt natural stability, though later problems with foreign attackers and internal instability. 8 Concept of "ma-at" -
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2 justice, order, truth, stability, and fairness - goddess Ma’at 9 political hierarchy - pharaoh (“great house”) god living on earth, guiding man by ma'at. Pharaoh sole authority - head of government, supreme warlord, chief priest of all gods. 10
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 284 taught by Professor Bix during the Winter '07 term at Iowa State.

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Day 4 - Egypt - 1 2 EGYPT contact with Sumer - traders &...

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