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Day 7 - Rome - 1 2 ROME Romans actively copied Greek...

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1 1 ROME 2 Romans actively copied Greek culture, but added own perspectives - placed within different cultural context & ignored some ideas. 3 Public buildings monumental symbols greatness of Roman empire Hold it together with machinery for practical use & urban infrastructure -aqueducts, sewer systems, public baths, road network 4 Rome founded 753 BC - good strategic position. Required conquered people to sign treaty of alliance, offered Roman citizenship. 5 Rival Carthage (Tunisia) - rich port, among largest cities Hellenistic age. 6 Brilliant commander Hannibal 218 BC led 50,000 men & 37 war elephants across Alps to fight Rome. 7 146 BC Rome razes Carthage after three-year siege - becomes dominant power in Mediterranean. Gains possession of Spain & North Africa. Legions then conquer Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Gaul (France) 8 27 BC Augustus made Rome empire. as far north as England, as far south as Africa & as far west as the Danube - 100 million people. 9 Roman Empire 5 centuries, 27 BC - 476 AD "Pax Romana" Roman peace Expansion trade. Agrarian economy; small craft production. Spread vineyards to France, olives to Africa.
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2 Silk Road & Spice Route to China, Japan, South Asia 10 Different cultures mingle. Rome social, economic, political & cultural capital. Romans adopt craft techniques from other cultures. Conquered areas rich natural resources - Rome wealthy through plunder & tribute. interested in military technologies & innovations, adapted much from Greeks. 11 Rome established outposts to spread Roman civilization & hold empire together. Outposts linked by network of roads, to aid communication, business, transport & military defense 12 Rome urban civilization - want to improve city life, connect cities physically & administratively. 13 Rome under emperors surpassed Athens & Alexandria in splendor. Rome population about one million, slaves at least 20% 14 excellent urban infrastructure - wealth spent on public works - sense of duty & magnificence. provincial leaders tried to recreate Rome - theaters, arenas, forums, harbors, temples, public baths & aqueducts. Engineers & architects followed army to build Roman-style infrastructure in other towns. 15 Direction of architecture & public buildings explains nature of society where produced. Greek emphasize form & beauty of eternal ideal; Rome practical rule
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3 empire. different types of public architecture - Greek Acropolis elaborate temples. Romans had temples… 16 But Forum (main public space) as much secular as religious. Political & economic center of Roman Empire. 17 Temples, but also palaces, judicial buildings, law courts, public meeting spaces, Senate, monuments, shops. Nearby Trajan’s Market 18 Greek public decoration statues of gods; Rome triumphal arches & columns glorifying emperors.
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