Day 12 - Cathedrals

Day 12 Cathedrals - 1 2 CATHEDRALS AND CLOCKS importance religion in medieval life way of understanding world order church as political control

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 CATHEDRALS AND CLOCKS 2 importance religion in medieval life - way of understanding world order. church as political control; support of European culture (Charlemagne against chaos, famine 3 courts. Hierarchy - Pope down to village priest. church wealth - one-third all land in Europe. Rich monasteries more worldly. Push for reform. 4 910 new order of monks in Cluny (France) to enhance pope’s authority, end secular kings’ interference. Emphasize prayer in monastery. Influential, wealthy - intrigue, criticism. 5 other new monastic orders - Cistercian movement 1098. Ascetics - separated from worldly temptation. 1153, 343 abbeys, doubling prayer. 6 carpentry, clothmaking - monastery self-sufficient. 7 Not enough labor - water power. abbey of Clairvaux, water wheels to drive flour mills, tannery, crushing river. 8 become good businessmen - England virtual monopoly wool trade, leading ironmakers in France.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Spread improvements in agriculture, knowledge of waterpower - Denmark. Netherlands, Cistercian monks maintain retaining seawalls. 9 Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda, “Royal Monastery of Our Lady of the Wheel” Spain - Cistercians dam river, build massive waterwheel “rueda”, bring water into monastery through aqueduct as central heating system (wood-fired furnaces). 10 Monastic orders different ideas about what was important in Christianity. Cluniac churches golden goblets, silver candlesticks, silk 11 Cistercians: "O vanity of vanities, but more folly than vanity! Every part of the church shines, but the poor man is hungry! The church walls are clothed in gold, while the children of the church remain naked. Tell me then, poor monks - if indeed you are poor - what is gold doing in the holy place? Greed is the root of all evil." 12 Cistercian churches austere stone, no towers, no sculpture, plain 13 Abbot Suger of St. Denis (Paris): "Let every man follow his own opinion. It has always seemed right to me that everything which is most precious should above all add to the celebration of the Holy Eucharist. Should we dispose of the golden vases and precious stones and all that creation holds most valuable? We believe that outward ornaments and sacred chalices should serve nowhere so
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 284 taught by Professor Bix during the Winter '07 term at Iowa State.

Page1 / 13

Day 12 Cathedrals - 1 2 CATHEDRALS AND CLOCKS importance religion in medieval life way of understanding world order church as political control

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online