ANT 102_Class08 - Ancient SW Asia_BB.pptx - ANT 102 Ancient...

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ANT 102 Ancient Civilizations February 25, 2019 Class #8 The Earliest Cities and States in Southwest Asia
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“Revolutions” in human history Neolithic Revolution Mobile hunter-gatherers Sedentary agriculturalists
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The Neolithic Revolution set the stage for global population growth
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“Revolutions” in human history Urban Revolution Small agricultural villages Large, complex urban societies
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From village to city
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The Urban Revolution set the stage for a world of cities
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2007
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The Urban Revolution V. Gordon Childe (1950) “Revolution:” major social transformation Emergence of complex, state- level societies Cities just one part of the process
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“Core areas”
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Childe’s 10 traits of a city 1. Large, dense population 2. Labor specialization 3. Taxation/tribute 4. Monumental public buildings 5. Social hierarchy with “ruling class” 6. Writing 7. Science 8. Art styles 9. Long-distance trade 10.Social organization based on residence, not kinship
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Traditional models of the origins of cities and states (Ch. 6) 1. Farming  labor specialization
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