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Critical Thinking 1 Critical thinking Amber Harvey Introduction to Scientific Analysis Deena Patton February 16, 2019
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Critical Thinking 2 Critical thinking is an important part of everyday life. Being able to think critically assists with problem solving, analyzing new situations, and understanding the world. Critical thinking is using knowledge and facts to assess what is happening around oneself. By using critical thinking, one applies facts to a situation in order to make sound decisions. Critical thinking helps in an argument because one is able to make logical arguments and give reasoning, rather than simply offering their opinions to a person who may disagree with them. When one uses sound logic in an argument they are better understood, that’s why it is very important to avoid logical fallacies. A fallacy is a flaw in one’s logic. When there is a fallacy in an argument it means that their argument is fallible, or unsound. There are many types of logical fallacy, ad hominem, straw man, and the false dilemma fallacy are fairly commonly used. An example of a false dilemma fallacy would be “he can go out to eat, or he can starve.” This example offers two options, but ignores the third option, which is that he could go home and cook a meal himself. In a false dilemma fallacy there are two options presented, but in reality, there are other options available. Fallacies are a very common and being able to recognize them helps one to have a better understanding of the world around them.
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  • Spring '19
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