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AbstractIn the past century, alcoholismwas considered an adult disease motivated predominantly by physiological determinants. In the modern world, society is facing even a more significant challenge as susceptible underage and young adults have become victims of this problem. Alcohol is by far the most broadly used intoxicant amid underage and young adults and alcohol abuse by minors generates vast health and safety risks. Alcoholism and alcohol abuse has been one of the challenges that communities and governments around the struggle to solve. These various health and social consequences make the problem of alcohol consumption in youngest adolescents a major public health concern. The Culture and ethical perspectives are considered toinfluence the level of alcoholism and alcohol abuse amongst underage and young adults. This paper seeks to authenticate such claims is by investigating research questions on the ethical and cultural effect on alcoholism and alcohol abuse concerning young adults and underage. Likewise,this paper search for exploring the causes and effects of alcoholism and alcohol abuse on underage and young adults; the current increased of alcoholism and alcohol abuse on underage and young adults in comparison to previous years, and the economic impacts of alcoholism and alcohol abuse in the society. In addition, more aggressive normative policies, such as the least drinking age, zero-tolerance laws, the increase alcohol taxes on consumption and the delay in theonset of drinking behavior as late as possible among other efforts, are being put into effect and estimated for their impact on public health and society in general.Keywords: Underage drinking, drinking in young adulthood, psychosocial development, risk factors, alcohol effects on brain development, impact on society and economy.
IntroductionAlcohol is present in modern societies since antiquity. The consumption of alcohol differs greatlyfrom one culture to another and varies according to status, age, gender of the individual and the social structure. The effects of alcoholism on modern society are enormous and profoundly rooted in our history. Forty years ago, alcoholism was considered a maturity disorder and both the scientific community and general public based their work on studying the causes of the disease and finding new treatments. In recent years, the statistics on alcohol and teenage years reveal alarming data about consumption in our early life. One of the most relevant is that it is increasingly consumed at younger ages. The excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages among minors and early young adults has become a major public health dilemma within the United States lately. Alcohol is the most extensively used substance of abuse and the consequences of underage drinking can affect directly or indirectly all people. Pre-adolescent andadolescence is a stage in our life cycle marked by multiple changes, which make it a vulnerable period, for instance, to initiate an abusive consumption of alcohol. The abusive intake of alcohol