WK4AssgnObiezeAP.docx - Running head DISORDERS OF VEINS AND ARTERIES Disorders of The Veins and Arteries Walden University Advanced Pathophysiology NURS

WK4AssgnObiezeAP.docx - Running head DISORDERS OF VEINS AND...

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Running head: DISORDERS OF VEINS AND ARTERIES 1 Disorders of The Veins and Arteries Walden University Advanced Pathophysiology: NURS 6501 March 24, 2019
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DISORDERS OF VEINS AND ARTERIES 2 Vein Disorders Abstract Disorders of veins and arteries are prevalent in most patients seeking medical care, with predisposing factors such as genetics, gender, family history of varicose veins, obesity, pregnancy, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Individuals are constantly casualties to these conditions. The purpose of this paper, is to compare between two vein disorders; Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) and Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) focusing on their epidemiology, pathophysiology, complications, treatments as well as the diagnosis and clinical presentations. Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI): A medical condition in which the veins in the extremities are not functioning well resulting in an inadequate flow of blood back to the heart thus accumulation of blood within the lumen of the veins. Epidemiology: healthcare givers in western Europe are commonly presented with CVI. Reports are estimated to be less than 1% in females to 40% and less than 1% to 17% in males. The common risk factors include advancement in age, female gender, pregnancy, a positive family history, obesity, and occupation. Its prevalence does significantly show variance concerning the population or methodology being employed in the study (Bhatt., 2015). Pathophysiology: though not comprehensively known, it can be divided into reflux and/or obstruction. The common pathway that leads to chronic venous insufficiency is the development of venous hypertension. Often, venous hypertension arises from: 1. an obstruction to venous flow.
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DISORDERS OF VEINS AND ARTERIES 3 2. dysfunction of venous valves. 3. failure of the "venous pump. As a result of the above, blood flow is directed abnormally from the deep superficially, the result, promotion of local tissue inflammation, episodically ulceration, and fibrosis (Bellmunt Montoya, Escribano, Dilme, & Martinez Zapata., 2015). Patient factor that impacts the pathophysiology of CVI: genetics. With the tendency of individuals inheriting certain genetic conditions from their parents, as is the case in DVT, certain inherited disorders do favor the development of CVI, catabolic and metabolic disorders inherited do predispose one to CVI.
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  • Spring '15
  • Venous insufficiency

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