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Margaret Sanger Woman, Mother, Wife, Educator, Social Reformer, Activist Melanie Espinal Dcn. Salvatorelli Theology 3 Block 6 6 November 2018
Margaret Sanger was a woman, a mother, a wife and a social activist/reformer. Sanger is best known for her work advocating for a healthy sex life for women and the founding of a birth control or contraceptive movement. She was an advocate for family planning and women’s healthcare, which included a woman’s reproductive rights. Margaret Sanger was the sixth out of eleven children who grew up in poverty. She eventually did go to school and she studied to be nurse. One of the reasons why Sanger became so involved in social reform is because she moved to New York City in 1910. During this time, there were many social reformers and activists working towards a more progressive American society. While in New York City, Sanger became aware of the high rates of fertility, infant and maternal mortality rates and the exceedingly high number of botched abortions, correlated to women living in poverty. Her childhood and profession allowed her to understood what pregnancy and motherhood was like for underprivileged women. Sanger’s background and experiences in New York are what led to her focus on unplanned pregnancies in minority communities, and therefore, the creation of a birth control pill to maintain a healthy sex life. Margaret Sanger not only believed in the rights stated above, but she also believed women had the right to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Sanger did everything in her power to ensure women legally had reproductive rights. She stated "No woman can call herself free until she can choose consciously whether she will or will not be a mother." By 1912, Sanger became more involved in achieving her goal. She began advocating for birth control and began teaching about sex education through several pamphlets, articles and magazines. Some of her works included “What Every Girl Should Know,” “Family Limitations,” and “The Birth Control Review.” In her efforts to raise awareness, Sanger also founded many foundations and committees. Some were the American Birth Control League (1921), Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau (1923), Planned Parenthood Federation of America (1942), and International Planned Parenthood (1953).

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