UNIT REVIEW: CONSTITUTION
Chapters 1 and 2
The U.S. Constitution arose out of important historical and philosophical
ideas and preferences regarding popular sovereignty and limited
government. Compromises were made during the Constitutional Convention
and ratification debates, and these compromises have frequently been the
source of conflict in U.S. politics over the proper balance between individual
freedom, social order, and equality of opportunity.
Big Ideas and Enduring Understandings:
The U.S. Constitution establishes a system of checks and
balances among branches of government and allocates power between
federal and state governments. This system is based on the rule of law and
the balance majority rule and minority rights.
The Constitution emerged from the debate about the weaknesses in
the Articles of Confederation as a blueprint for limited government.
Federalism reflects the dynamic distribution of power between
national and state governments.