bachnotes.docx - SLIDE 2 Bach\u2019s mother died in 1694 and dad died 8 mths Later so JS moved in with his eldest brother Johann Christoph Bach Clavichord

bachnotes.docx - SLIDE 2 Bachu2019s mother died in 1694...

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SLIDE 2 Bach’s mother died in 1694 and dad died 8 mths. Later so JS moved in with his eldest brother Johann Christoph Bach Clavichord – brother Johann Christoph Bach J.C. Bach exposed him to the works of great composers of the day, including South German composers such as Johann Pachelbel (under whom Johann Christoph had studied) and Johann Jakob Froberger; North German composers; Frenchmen, such as Jean-Baptiste Lully, Louis Marchand, and Marin Marais; and the Italian clavierist Girolamo Frescobaldi. Also during this time, he was taught theology, Latin, Greek, French, and Italian at the local gymnasium. SLIDE 3 Weimar, Arnstadt, and Mühlhausen (1703–08) In January 1703, Bach was appointed court musician in the chapel of Duke Johann Ernst III in Weimar. His role there is unclear, but it probably included menial, non-musical duties. During his seven-month tenure at Weimar, his reputation as a keyboardist spread so much that he was invited to inspect the new organ and give the inaugural recital, at the New Church (now Bach Church) in Arnstadt. In August of that same year, he became the organist at the New Church. Despite strong family connections and a musically enthusiastic employer, tension built up between Bach and the authorities after several years in the post. Bach was dissatisfied with the standard of singers in the choir. He called one of them a "weenie bassoon player”. Late one evening this student, named Geyersbach, went after Bach with a stick. Bach filed a complaint against Geyersbach with the authorities. These acquitted Geyersbach with a minor reprimand and ordered Bach to be more moderate regarding the musical qualities he expected from his students. Some months later Bach upset his employer by a prolonged absence from Arnstadt: having obtained a leave permission for four weeks he had been absent for around four months in 1705–06 to visit an organist. In 1706, Bach applied for a post as organist at the Blasius Church in Mühlhausen. The position included a significantly higher remuneration, improved conditions, and a better choir. Four months after arriving at Mühlhausen, Bach married Maria Barbara Bach, his second cousin. Return to Weimar (1708–17) In 1708, Bach left Mühlhausen, returning to Weimar this time as organist and from 1714 Konzertmeister (director of music) at the ducal court, where he had an opportunity to work with a large, well-funded contingent of professional musicians. Bach's time in Weimar was the start of a sustained period of composing keyboard and orchestral works. He attained the proficiency and confidence to extend the prevailing structures and to include influences from abroad. In Weimar, Bach continued to play and compose for the organ, and to perform concert music with the duke's ensemble. He also began to write the preludes and fugues which were later
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  • Spring '16
  • Dennis Wesney
  • World History, Johann Christoph Bach, Bach’s mother

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