Lecture 4 - Arab Political Renaissance.pdf - Lecture 4...

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Lecture 4 ARB2102 Arab Political Renaissance Two Streams of Political Trends Traditional Trends Modernist trends 5 traditionalist trends on local ideas and emphasized islam and tribal heritage. 1. Wahhabi and salafi islam Founded by mohamed abdul-wahab in 1750 in central arabia: restoration of true islam, based on the Hanbali sect of Sunni Islam. They do not like to be called Wahhabi because they believe people are too special to be called Wahhabi after someone who died, so they prefer the name Salafi which means Ancestors 2. Muslim Brotherhood Founded in Egypt Hassan al Banna in 1928 In 1963 Sayed Kutub wrote a book about the muslim nation Muslim brotherhood was logical then started to be violent 3. Sufi Islamic Sufi orders in North Africa (Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauretania), loosely based Means the love of god, but sufi also islam leaves politics alone, loosely based on Maleki Sect of Sunni Islam Hidden secret in north africa. 4. Reformist Islamic School Imam mohamed Abdu(1849-1905), Gamal Din al-afghani (1838-1897), Rashid Rida. Islam Suffered from corrupted rulers and abuse, and foreign invasions, and should reformed to be modern.

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