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HIGH RISK NUTRIONAL PRACTICESBonnie GradyGrand Canyon University: HLT 324VApril 5, 2019 High Risk Nutritional Behaviors Practices1
HIGH RISK NUTRIONAL PRACTICESNutrition and the behaviors that people practice can create shortcomings in the human body. Health disparities evolve when individuals of a culture lineate from their original indigenous diet and levitate towards a philosophy of eating what is simple and easy. This has been a trend of many cultures that has occurred since the 1960’s. Cultural groups diets have beenaltered by globalization, social-economics, politics and religion. High risk nutritional practices occur globally, and the examination of the Navajo in the United States, South Korea, and religious practices of fasting across different religions will be examined. The NavajoThe Navajo, who call themselves the Dine’ or The People are one of the largest tribes of Native Americans. These Native Americans live on 24,000 miles of land which encompasses New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. The Navajo people were moved to this land after conflict had occurred between the Americans and people of European descent attempted to settle the land around them. The American Army moved the Navajo by force from northeastern Arizona and northeastern New Mexico. Men, woman, and children were forced to make the “Long Walk” during the winter of 1864 to an internment camp along the Pecos River in eastern New Mexico. During this walk 200 Navajo’s died of starvation and exposure (Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, 2014). They were moved from the Mesa Verde region where they farmed to an arid climate of the southern part of New Mexico. The soil of the land was not able to support the farming of squash and other produce they were used to for nutrition. Furthermore, as the United States rose to power, they forcibly Americanized the Navajo (Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, 2014). The Navajo were punished for speaking their native tongue, forced to practice American culture, and mainstreaming of the children occurred by sending them to boarding schools. All of this was done to eliminate the native culture. These events that occurred in history2
HIGH RISK NUTRIONAL PRACTICEShave caused deep emotional scares for the Navajo. The historical changes that have transpired create challenges for this population to maintain their health today. The condition of Type 2 diabetes has affected this culture after being colonized by the United States and has been considered an epidemic with the Native American Indian. The stress of the Western life style, high sugar carbohydrate, and fat laden food that is available has create imbalances in this cultures ability to stay healthy (Summin, Hongu, & Daily, 2016). The trauma of their history has created stress which makes some of the population navigate toward high risk behavior like the intake of alcohol. The Navajo were farmers, hunters and gathers prior to the United State’s interference. Their bodies were use to feast and famine and store fats quickly so they could survive when food was scarce (Olson, 1999). The abundance of Americanized foods has