QUIZLET NOTES - United Nations an international peacekeeping organization to which most nations in the world belong founded in 1945 to promote

QUIZLET NOTES - United Nations an international...

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United Nations an international peacekeeping organization to which most nations in the world belong, founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security, and economic development; intended to promote peace, used by US and Soviet Union as forum to spread their influence over others Satellite Nation a country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation; countries dominated by the Soviet Union, communist governments installed in Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Poland Containment the blocking of another nation's attempts to spread its influence; the efforts of the United States to block the spread of Soviet (communist) influence during the late 1940s and early 1950s, Truman administration Iron Curtain a phrase used by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe an imaginary line that separated Communist countries in the Soviet bloc of Eastern Europe from Capitalist Democratic countries in Western Europe Cold War the state of hostility, without direct military conflict, that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union after WWII Truman Doctrine a U.S. policy, announced by President Harry S. Truman in 1947, of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents (Turkey and Greece) Marshall Plan the program, proposed by Secretary of State George Marshall in 1947, under which the United States supplied economic aid to European nations to help them rebuild after World War II Berlin airlift a 327-day operation in which U.S. and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948 (no military intervention) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European countries, the United States, and Canada pledging military support to one another in case any member was attacked; US entered military alliance during peacetime, Cold War ended any hope of US isolation Chiang Kai-shek Nationalist leader ruling in southern and eastern China, relied heavily on aid from US, struggled with inflation and a falling economy, suffered from weak leadership and poor morale Mao Zedong
Communist leader ruling in northern China, relied heavily on financial aid from the Soviet Union, attracted peasants with promises of land reform, benefited from experiences guerilla army and a highly motivated leadership Taiwan Chiang fled to this island after Communists ruled all of mainland China and established People's Republic of China; containment had failed, Truman administration blamed, American fear of communism increased 38th parallel Japanese troops north of the 38th parallel surrendered to the Soviets, Japanese troops south of the parallel surrendered to Americans; North Korea (Communist, Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (Democratic, Republic of Korea) Sequence of events of Korean War 1) Korean Peninsula separated into communist north and non-communist south 2) North Korea invades South Korea, crossing the 38th parallel

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