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Chapter 4 Sociology

Chapter 4 Sociology - Chapter 4 Social Structures and...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4 Social Structures and Social Interactions Levels of Sociological Analysis Macrosociology Large Scale Features of Social Life Microsociology Focus on Social Interaction The Macrosociological Perspective Sociological Significance of Social Structure Guides our Behavior Behavior decided by location in social structure Culture The Macrosociological Perspective Social Class Divides People By... Income Education Occupation Status Symbols Master statuses The Macrosociological Perspective Social Status Ascribed Achieved Status Symbols Master Statuses The Macrosociological Perspective Roles: Groups: Social Institutions Sociological Significance of Social Institutions Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies Family Religion Education Economics Medicine Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies Politics Law Science Military Mass Media Social Institutions Mass Media is Social Institutions Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives Functionalist Perspective Replacing Members Socializing New Members Producing and Distributing Goods and Services Preserving Order Providing a Sense of Purpose Conflict Perspective Powerful Groups Control Institutions Small Groups Garner Lion's Share of Wealth Social Institutions Affect Gender Relations Main Purpose is to Preserve Social Order Changes in Social Order What Holds Society Together? Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft How Relevant Today? Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life Stereotypes Assumptions About What People Are Like Classify Others By Visible Characteristics Ideas About Characteristics Guide Our Behavior Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life Personal Space: Intimate Distance Personal Distance Social Distance Public Distance Eye Contact Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life Erving Goffman Dramaturgy The Stage Impression Management Role Performance Role Strain Between and Within Roles Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background Assumptions The Study of How People Do Things Harold Garfinkle's Experiments Social Construction of Reality Definition of the Situation = Thomas Theorem Objective Reality vs. Subjective Interpretations Need for Macrosociology and Microsociology Understanding Incomplete Without Both Consider the Example of Groups Studied by William Chambliss ...
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